The iron pillar of Delhi is a structure 23 feet 8 inches (7.2 metres) high with 16 inches (40.64 cm) diameter that was constructed by Chandragupta II (reigned c. 375–415 CE), and now stands in the Qutb complex at Mehrauli in Delhi, India. It is famous for the rust-resistant composition of the metals used in its construction.
7.21 m (23 ft 8 in)Location:
at in, IndiaMaterial:
- 1 Why has the iron pillar in Delhi not rusted?
- 2 Why was the iron pillar built?
- 3 How old is the iron pillar of Delhi?
- 4 What does the iron pillar of Delhi tell us about the Gupta empire?
- 5 Why is the iron pillar special?
- 6 What is the iron pillar made of?
- 7 Which Gupta ruler defeated the Huns?
- 8 What is the Ashoka pillar at Sarnath made up of?
- 9 When was iron pillar built?
- 10 What is the name of the iron pillar?
- 11 What is remarkable about the iron pillar?
- 12 Who built Allahabad pillar?
- 13 Which condition made possible the Gupta golden age?
- 14 What caused the fall of the Gupta empire?
- 15 What was the period of rule of Samudra Gupta?
Why has the iron pillar in Delhi not rusted?
A high phosphorus iron ore was clearly used, and this element contaminated the product. As a result, a very thin dark grey protective layer of crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate has formed on the surface of the pillar , which is the reason for its resistance to corrosion.
Why was the iron pillar built?
King Chandragupta II According to a popular translation of the Brahmi script upon the Iron Pillar of Delhi, the pillar was made for a king. The king is presumably of the Gupta period, given the era of its creation. It was also made to honor one of the most important Hindu gods – Vishnu.
How old is the iron pillar of Delhi?
An ancient iron pillar in Delhi that seems to be rustproof. The surprise comes in learning its age, some 1600 years old , much older than one would expect for an iron column which, judging from other exposed iron, should have turned to a pile of dust long ago.
What does the iron pillar of Delhi tell us about the Gupta empire?
The pillar , made of 98% wrought iron , is considered a highlight of ancient Indian achievements in metallurgy; it has stood more than 1,600 years without rusting or decomposing. Iron Pillar of Delhi . The Iron Pillar of Delhi , India, erected by Chandragupta II to honor the Hindu god Vishnu, in the 4th century CE.
Why is the iron pillar special?
The pillar has attracted the attention of archaeologists and materials scientists because of its high resistance to corrosion and has been called a “testimony to the high level of skill achieved by the ancient Indian iron smiths in the extraction and processing of iron “.
What is the iron pillar made of?
In the Qutb complex of Delhi stands one of the most curious metal objects in the world – the Iron Pillar of Delhi. The pillar is a 23ft-high kirti stambha (column of fame or victory column), weighs more than 6 tons, and is made of 98% wrought iron .
Which Gupta ruler defeated the Huns?
Towards the end of the 5th century, India came under attack from the Hunas. Yashodharman and possibly the Gupta emperor , Narasimhagupta, defeated a Huna army and their ruler Mihirakula in 528 CE and drove them out of India.
What is the Ashoka pillar at Sarnath made up of?
|Pillars of Ashoka|
|One of the Pillars of Ashoka, in Vaishali|
|Period/culture||3rd century BC|
|Sarnath Sanchi Rampurva Vaishali Sankissa Nandangarh Meerut Topra Kalan Araraj Allahabad Rummindei Nigali Known locations of the Pillars of Ashoka|
When was iron pillar built?
This king has been identified with Emperor Chandragupta II (c. 375 – 413/14 CE) of the Gupta dynasty. The Pillar is famous for its non-rusted state, despite being made of 99% iron, and having been constructed in the 5th century CE, and thus having an existence of around 1600 years.
What is the name of the iron pillar?
The iron pillar of Delhi is a 7 m (23 ft) kirti stambha (column of fame or victory column), originally erected and dedicated as dhvaja (banner) to Hindu deity lord Vishnu in 3rd to 4th century CE by king Chandragupta II , currently standing in the Qutb complex at Mehrauli in Delhi, India.
What is remarkable about the iron pillar?
The Iron Pillar of Delhi is located at Mehrauli, Delhi (India) and is most notable for its rust-resistance iron metal composition. The pillar has intrigued archaeologists and scientists over centuries because of its unique high chemical resistance to corrosion in spite of the local climate in Delhi, India.
Who built Allahabad pillar?
This pillar was originally erected in the 3rd century BC by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka . The pillar was moved to Allahabad, in front of the gateway to the Allahabad Fort, in 1583 by Akbar . The pillar made of polished stone extends 10.7 m in height and is incised with an Ashokan edict.
Which condition made possible the Gupta golden age?
Peaceful times and the empire’s stability. This growth resulted in the Golden Age .
What caused the fall of the Gupta empire?
The Huna People, also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the empire . The Gupta Empire ended in 550 CE, when it disintegrated into regional kingdoms after a series of weak rulers and invasions from the east, west, and north.
What was the period of rule of Samudra Gupta?
Samudra Gupta , (died 380 ce), regional emperor of India from about 330 to 380 ce. He generally is considered the epitome of an “ideal king” of the “golden age of Hindu history,” as the period of the imperial Guptas (320–510 ce) has often been called.