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British east india company definition?

  • The British East India Company (1600–1858) was originally a private company granted a trade monopoly with the East Indies by Queen Elizabeth I. Its success in extracting concessions from native rulers eventually led to its de facto control over much of modern India between 1757 and 1858.

The East India Company ( EIC) was an English and later British joint-stock company founded in 1600. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with the East Indies (the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia ), and later with Qing China.Founded:
31 December 1600; 420 years agoHeadquarters:
, Industry:
Cotton, silk, salt, tea, and

What defines the British East India Company?

The East India Company was an English company formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India . Incorporated by royal charter on December 31, 1600, it was started as a monopolistic trading body so that England could participate in the East Indian spice trade.

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What was the British East India Company quizlet?

The British East India Company , was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter [contract] by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of exploring and trading with India and the surrounding areas. In 1608, the company established its first trading post in India .

Why was the British East India Company so powerful?

Between 1600 and 1874, it built the most powerful corporation the world had ever known, complete with its own army, its own territory, and a near-total hold on trade of a product now seen as quintessentially British : Tea. Due to their seafaring prowess, Spain and Portugal held a monopoly on trade in the Far East .

What is the East India Company called now?

The East India Company , which once owned India , in one of the great ironies of history, is now owned by an Indian entrepreneur named Sanjiv Mehta. The company was founded in 1600 to import spices, tea and exotic items to Europe from India . For years the company remained dormant, stuck in memories and history books.

Why was England so powerful?

Why was Britain/UK/ England so powerful ? Sea power, merchants, and luck. This led to a few Anglo-Dutch wars, which eventually led to Britain being the main naval power in Europe. The next people to contest this power were the French, who also wanted naval and mercantile power in America and other places.

When did British invade India?

The British landed in India in Surat on August 24, 1608 . While India has a rich and recorded history going back 4000 years to the Indus Valley Civilisation in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Britain had no indigenous written language until the 9th century almost 3000 years after India.

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How did British gain consolidate and maintain power in India?

The British presence in India began through trade. Men like Robert Clive of the British East India Company combined military prowess with a ruthless ambition and became fabulously wealthy. With wealth came power , and traders took control of huge swathes of India . This clip is from the series Empire.

Why were the sepoys unable to free India from the British?

The sepoys were unable to free India from the British due to their lack of organization and their lack of widespread support was not enough, the sepoys didn’t have a clear leader or command system. Furthermore, the sepoys were unable to gain support from religious princes.

What was the cause and effect of the Sepoy Rebellion?

the causes of the sepoy rebellion was when some angry sepoys rose up against their british officers. Also when the east india company required sepoys to serve overseas which was against the sepoy’s religion. Some effects of the rebellion was a bitter legacy and a mistrust on both sides.

Who is the most powerful East India Company?

“At its peak, the English East India Company was by far the largest corporation of its kind,” says Emily Erikson, a sociology professor at Yale University and author of Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company . “It was also larger than several nations.

Did India exist before the British?

There were many Indias earlier, but the idea of a nation as such comes with the freedom struggle. Mukherjee categorically rejected the notion that it was the British who brought the idea of the Indian nation-state. “The Britishers did not even think of India as a nation.

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When was Britain most powerful?

It began with the overseas colonies and trading posts set up by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history, and the world’s most powerful superpower for more than a century.

Why did England give up India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

What is the richest company in history?

Top 10 Most Valuable Companies of All Time Dutch East India Company : $8.28 trillion. Mississippi Company: $6.8 trillion. South Sea Company: $4.5 trillion. Saudi Aramco: $1.89 trillion. Apple: $1.3 trillion. PetroChina: $1.24 trillion. Microsoft: $1.2 trillion. Standard Oil: more than $1 trillion.

What is the nickname of the English East India Company?

The Honourable East India Company (HEIC) was incorporated on 31 Dec 1600 by Queen Elizabeth I and was often called by its nickname John Company.

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